Category: Dental Education

Dental Education posts include case studies, etc.

Complete Dentures

What are Complete Dentures?

Complete dentures are made of a plastic base that is colored in order to replicate gum tissue and supports a full set of plastic or porcelain teeth. The traditional full denture is held in the mouth by forming a seal with the gums. They can also be held in place by attaching to dental implants that are surgically placed in the bone of the jaws. Although adding implants to help maintain the denture adds some cost, it significantly increases comfort and ease of use for patients. Implants retain and support dentures and improve patient satisfaction by a large amount.


Bonding is the application of a tooth-colored composite resin (plastic) to repair a decayed, chipped, fractured or discolored tooth. Unlike veneers, which are manufactured in a laboratory and require a customized mold to achieve a proper fit, bonding can be done in a single visit. The procedure is often called bonding because the material is chemically bonded to the tooth.

What is Bonding used for?

Bonding is among the easiest and least expensive of cosmetic dental procedures. The composite resin used in bonding can be shaped and polished to match the surrounding teeth. Most often, bonding is used for cosmetic purposes to improve the appearance of a discolored or chipped tooth. It also can be used to close spaces between teeth, to make teeth look longer or to change the shape or color of teeth. Bonding is also used as a cosmetic alternative to amalgam fillings, or to protect a portion of the tooth’s root that has been exposed when gums recede.

Depending on what cosmetic bonding is to be used for, minimal, or even no preparation may be needed for bonding. Anesthesia may also not be necessary, unless the bonding is being used to fill a decayed tooth or a deeper restoration.

How is Bonding done?

After preparing the tooth as required, your dentist or restorative hygienist will use a shade guide to select the composite resin color that will match the color of the tooth most closely. Once Dr. Raskin or his associates have chosen the color, he or she will slightly abrade or etch the surface of the tooth to roughen it. The tooth will be coated lightly with a conditioning liquid, which helps the bonding material adhere. When the tooth is prepared, your dentist will apply the tooth-colored, putty-like resin. The resin is molded and smoothed until it’s the proper shape. Then the material is hardened with an ultraviolet light or laser. After the bonding material hardens, your dentist will further trim and shape it. Then he or she will polish the material until it matches the sheen of the rest of the tooth surface.

How long does the Bonding procedure take?

It usually takes about 30 minutes to an hour to complete the procedure. If you’re having more than one tooth done, you may need to schedule several visits.

What else should I know about Bonding?

Tea, coffee, cigarette smoke and other substances can stain the resin. To prevent or minimize stains, it’s essential to avoid eating or drinking foods that can stain for the first 48 hours after any composite procedure. In addition, brush your teeth often and have them cleaned regularly by a dental hygienist.